Hockey - Basic Rules and Regulations





Basic Rules and Regulations

Hockey is a fast-moving sport with a lot of physical contact. Checking—body contact to move an opponent out of play—is permitted anywhere on the ice. Ice hockey is the only major sport in which substitutions are allowed while the game is in play. The game is so fast and demanding that forwards generally skate only 90 seconds at a time. Defensemen usually stay on the ice for slightly longer.

Due to its speed and contact, a game of hockey can result in a variety of penalties. Play is stopped for:

Offsides: An ice hockey rink is broken up into three zones. The defending zone is the end where your team’s goal is located, and extends as far as the first blue line. The neutral zone extends from the first blue line to the second blue line. The offensive/attacking zone is everything past the second blue line. If any member of your team has both skates within the attacking zone while the puck crosses over that blue line, the play is considered to be offside. When this happens, there will be a face-off in the neutral zone at the face-off dot nearest to the location of the violation.
Icing: This occurs when a team shoots the puck out of its zone (its side of the center red line) past the other team’s goal line. Considered a delaying tactic, icing results in a stoppage in play and a face-off in the offending team's defensive zone. The purpose of the icing rule is to encourage continuous action.

Minor Penalties: These are most commonly assessed for excessive use of the body or equipment against the opposition. For a minor violation, the offending player must remain in the penalty box at the side of the rink for two minutes while his team plays shorthanded. This man-advantage situation is called a power play. If the opponents score at any time during the penalty period, the penalized player may return to the ice. Penalties incurred by the goalie are served by a teammate.

Major Penalties: Violent play results in the loss of a player for five minutes or for the remainder of the game. If major penalties are incurred at the same time by both teams, substitutions are made and there is no shorthanded play. A game misconduct penalty for abusing an official results in the loss of a player for 10 minutes. In this case a substitution is allowed, and the team does not play shorthanded.

Five Fun Hockey Facts

The Stanley Cup has been around longer than the NHL. It was created in 1893 and donated by Canadian Governor General Lord Stanley. It was originally only 7 inches tall.

Out of all the names added to the Stanley Cup over the years, only 12 of them belong to women. All are owners or team executives. The first was Marguerite Norris, president of the Detroit Red Wings in 1954-55.
Manon Rhéaume (goaltender) was the first and only female hockey player to play in the NHL. She played for the Tampa Bay Lightning. Her first game was an exhibition game against the St. Louis Blues. She only played one period and let in 2 goals. Her only other NHL game was a second exhibition game against the Boston Bruins.

The ice cleaning machine — the ‘Zamboni’ that goes around the ice several times each game to make sure players have a clean, smooth surface - was invented in 1949 by Frank Zamboni.

The first million dollar contract was signed by Bobby Orr in 1971. The Boston Bruins signed him to a five-year deal at $200,000 per year.